James Carmichael is a former Administrative Patent Judge (APJ) and the Founder of Carmichael IP. Patexia identifies Carmichael IP as the nation’s #1 top-performing law firm in Inter Partes Review (IPR) on behalf of patent owners, with the highest win rate (97%) over the last five years of any firm appearing before the Patent Trial and Appeal Board (PTAB). Before becoming an APJ, Jim served for five years as an Associate Solicitor of the PTO. In that capacity, he represented the PTO in federal court litigation and argued more than thirty cases at the Federal Circuit. Jim has served as an expert witness in more than seventy-five (75) patent infringement litigations on PTO matters such as IPRs and inequitable conduct. Currently he focuses on representing parties in IPRs at the PTAB.